29th November 2017
San Michele all'Adige (I)
Il lungo viaggio in cerca delle maschere. Diario di Carnival King of Europe 2007-2017
26th-27th October 2017
London (GB)
Carnival, King of Europe: Folklore and Anthropology in conversation & DVD launch and presentation
20-22th October 2017
Trento (I)
Fa' la cosa giusta: il Premio dell’Unione europea per il Patrimonio Culturale / Europa Nostra Awards 2017 a Carnival King of Europe


The day of masks on the Karst (SLO)
by Michele Trentini, Museo degli Usi e Costumi della Gente Trentina
Carnival in Ponte Caffaro (I)
by Michele Trentini, Museo degli Usi e Costumi della Gente Trentina
Le belle Bianche di Resia (I)
by Michele Trentini, Museo degli Usi e Costumi della Gente Trentina


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CARNIVAL KING OF EUROPE - What is this site

Carnival King of Europe is a research project funded by the Culture Department of the European Union.
It aims at bringing into light the important similarities that can be observed among specific aspects of Carnivals and winter fertility rituals across different areas of Europe.

This is the project's official website and it aims at bringing together:
• a new perspective on Carnival as a discrete European cultural phenomenon,
• resources on Carnival studies, insofar as books, films, links, events are concerned,
• facts & events about the project's progress.

Zvončari, Rukavac HR)

Ituren (E)

In short, this is our case. A number of very specific ethnographic instances from the Balkans to Iberia, passing through Central Europe, the Alps and the whole of the Italian peninsula, put in evidence some striking similarities in the winter masquerades which are meant to foster the onset of the new agrarian year.

Among these, there are the sudden appearance of stocky masked mummers girdled by cowbells, often followed by slender white dancers wearing tall conical caps, the representation of a mock nuptial cortege in conjunction with the ritual ploughing of the village square, the invasion of a crowd of assorted burlesque characters, and finally, the trial and sentencing to death of a pivotal figure, often identified with “Carnival” itself...

Djolomar, Begnishte (MK)

Bètscho, Palù del Fèrsina
- Trentino (I)

At present, no single, synthetic explanation is given by ethnologists and/or culture historians as to the widespread diffusion of such occurrences all over the continent. Yet, all available evidence seems to point at the fact this particular set of rituals can be situated very close to the core of European culture, at least as far as its original agrarian setting is concerned.

In this restricted, paradoxical sense, “Carnival” can be taken to be one of the longest standing “kings of Europe”, one in which European cultural identity can mirror and recognize itself.

Vacche, Tricarico - Basilicata (I)

Matòcio, Valfloriana - Trentino (I)